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software engineering

A beginner’s guide to getting a job as a Full Stack Engineer

October 9, 2021

Beginners guide to getting a job as a Full Stack Engineer with related skills

Do you wish to become a Full Stack Engineer and get paid handsomely for your skills? To become one, you should be able to write code, design architecture, and develop applications with programming languages such as Ruby on Rails or JavaScript. I know this can be tough, but we’ll walk through the process together.

Let’s start by clearing the primary question that might you might have?

What is the difference between Full Stack and Software Engineer?

A software engineer is someone who can code but doesn’t have much experience in design or architecture. Software engineers specialize in one area of programming and are the backbone of any company because they create the logic that drives applications to work.

A Full Stack Engineer is someone who can code and design, so they might be a better solution to your problem. They are very rare as not many people know how to do both jobs well.

And of course, there is an overall difference in salaries between the two. The full-stack developer can be a software engineer, but the reverse is not true.

Full Stack Engineer career

A full-stack developer is a type of software engineer who has expertise in both the front-end and backend aspects of software development. The role requires the developer to have an understanding of all layers, from the user interface to the network protocol.

The core responsibilities of a full-stack developer include procuring project requirements from clients and stakeholders, developing the server-side of an application. In addition, they study project requirements and create solutions, and develop the front-side of an application.

Full-Stack Engineer Requirements and Responsibilities

The requirements and responsibilities include but are not limited to

  • Advanced knowledge of front-end languages including HTML5, CSS, JavaScript, C++, and JQuery
  • Proficient in backend languages including Java, Python, Rails, Ruby, .NET, and PHP
  • System architect: Design and implement systems
  • Familiarity with database systems and SQL
  • Systems integration: High-level programming, performance testing, implementing software applications
  • High-level project management skills
  • Advanced troubleshooting skills

Skills you need as a full stack web developer:

Let us have a detailed look into each skill a full-stack developer needs to possess from Front-end to Backend and everything in between.

Front-end languages

Responsive web design is the look and feel of a website. Visible to the user, front-end technologies comprise HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

HTML is a markup language and the first layer of a website that is used to create documents in a web browser. The standard elements of HTML are the building blocks for creating websites, and they provide tools to be embedded with interactive forms and images.

CSS is a style sheet language and the second layer of the site. It is used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language, separation of content and presentation. A CSS file simplifies and reduces complexity and repetition in the structural content. CSS can also separate formatting and content making it feasible to present pages with different styles of rendering for different devices.

JavaScript is the third layer that tells the browser how to interact with a page. It is a programming language that conforms to the ECMAScript specification. It is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web and, over 97% of websites use its client-side for web page behavior. As a result, JavaScript engines are core components in servers and applications such as Microsoft’s Internet Explorer or Google Chrome browser.

Backend languages

Backend development focuses on the logic of the site and is the part of your website that is not visible to the user. The most common backend languages are Java, Python, Node, Ruby on Rails, and PHP.

Developed in 1995 by James Gosling, Java is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language with syntax similar to C and C++. As of 2019, Java was the most popular programming language according to GitHub.

Python is a high-level general-purpose programming language. It supports procedural, object-oriented, and functional paradigms. It is often described as a “batteries included” language due to its comprehensive standard library.

Node lets developers use JavaScript to write command-line tools and server-side scripting, running scripts server-side to produce dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user’s web browser. It optimizes throughput and scalability in web applications with many input/output operations, as well as for real-time Web applications.

Ruby on Rails is used in hundreds of thousands of applications. It influenced other web frameworks with innovative features of seamless database table creations, migrations, and scaffolding of views. It is open-source software, so not only is it free to use, but you can also help make it better with contributions.

PHP originally stood for Personal Home Page. It is a general-purpose scripting language that was originally developed in 1994. Since then, it has been ported to many operating systems and platforms, including Linux, Windows, FreeBSD/OpenBSD/NetBSD/iOS/Android, Mac OS X, Solaris Zones on Solaris 8. It was not until 2014 when PHP had an official specification or standard written for it.

If you are looking for a job as a full-stack developer, focus on one language at first before branching out into others because it is easier to get started that way.

Database systems

Different database systems with several purposes and management, such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB. Must be adept in database management and manipulating queries using them. Should know how to work with XML or JSON data formats.

Version control – Git and GitHub

Version control is a way to track and manage changes to the project’s code. Git is a free and open-source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. GitHub provides free public repositories for hosting, collaborating on code, and building software. Professional developers usually have a GitHub profile, which is compulsory if working in a team.

HTTP, REST, and NPM

The HTTP protocol is a set of standards for transmitting data across the World Wide Web. This standard uses representations called RESTful APIs, or Representational State Transfer protocols. NPM stands for Node Package Manager, and it helps developers manage dependencies in their projects by downloading packages from an official repository where they are stored.

Knowledge about Web architecture

Web architecture is the study of the structure, function, and evolution of a web-based system. To be able to build a website that can grow with its users, we need to have an architectural plan in place.

The architectural plan should include a site map, navigation, use of images and videos, information architecture, content structure, and organization.

Before development, a full-stack developer must have extensive knowledge of web architecture, an understanding of code structure, and a well-defined set of requirements.

Design skills

Full-stack developers must know the basic principles of designing prototypes. They must create user-friendly websites and make them appealing in order to stand out from other candidates in their careers. Learning the basics of Photoshop, Figma, and Sketch will help you simplify your tasks and reduce your dependence on designers.

Software Stacks needs of a Full Stack Developer

A software stack is a collection of components that are needed to support the development of a website. There are many different ways that developers can choose to approach their projects. But one thing they all have in common is that the front-end and back-end must be developed as separate stacks.

A front-end development stack includes libraries such as React, frameworks like AngularJS or Bootstrap, tools for version control like Git, and more. These tools enable developers to build applications with modern web standards. The backend development stack includes containerization tools like Docker, APIs like Swagger, and the Google search engine.

LAMP Stack

The LAMP Stack is a group of open-source software packages that are traditionally used to set up a web server. The name stands for Linux, Apache HTTP Server, MySQL, and PHP. It is the most common software stack for full-stack developers to learn and build upon. LAMP is considered a platform of choice for developers.

MEAN Stack

The MEAN stack is the combination of MERN, Express.js, Angular.js, and Node.js that can be used to create web applications with a backend that uses MongoDB and a front-end that uses Angular.js, Express.js, and Node.js.

Angular JS is a JavaScript framework that allows for dynamic interactive web experiences. It also contains models to handle routing and HTTP requests and responses. MongoDB is the database tier, which can be accessed with Angular, Express, Node through JSON documents created in the front end.

MERN Stack

MERN stands for MongoDB, Express.js, React, and Node.js. MERN is a popular combination of programming frameworks that are used to create web applications using JavaScript. MERN is a javascript software stack for building dynamic websites and web applications.

M=MongoDB: Popular nosql database

Express: Light and portable web program framework

React: A javascript library for building user interfaces

Node.js: A server-side JavaScript run time

Real-world full-stack application

A full-stack application is a web application that covers most aspects of the software development lifecycle, including design and front-end programming, backend server-side coding, and database management. A full-stack application is not just the sum of its parts, but rather is a single piece of software that can be used to create an entire business.

A full-stack application typically includes user interface components, database persistence, business logic, data storage, and retrieval.

Full-Stack Engineer jobs and Salary in India

Full-stack engineer jobs in India earn a high salary, and the rank of the job is among one of the highest-paid jobs positions. According to the salary data of Full Stack Developers in India, the base salary for a full stack developer is between ₹582,659-₹1400K. The range goes from INR 300K-14000K.

Career Scope is wide open for full-stack developers, allowing them to have an impact on the industry more than just one company or project.

Salary based on employer

Different companies have different pay structures. Salary is typically based on the number of hours worked. Depending on the company, salary can be paid weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly.

Salary based on experience

Salary based on experience is where the salary increases according to job level. The salary will be determined by the position and the years of experience in that position.

The salary is based on the experience of an individual. The more experience you have, the higher your pay will be.

A full-stack developer can expect a starting amount of ₹375,000 or about $6,736, while someone with 5-9 years experience would make INR 12-14 lakhs or about $21,000 as their base salary.

Salary based on the place of service

Salary is determined by the place of service, which can be city or state. This means that if you work in a city, your salary will be more than if you work in another state.

This is because of the high demand for these skill sets in many cities. The salary rates are reflective of this, with Hyderabad having a median annual wage rate at 17K USD/year and Bangalore being 12k USD/year. The number will depend on your personal skillset as well as where you work in India or abroad.

Can I find a better salary as a full-stack developer abroad?

Getting a job as a full-stack developer can be challenging because many companies are only hiring for certain positions. If you’re looking to work abroad, it’s important that you understand the opportunities and risks involved with working in different countries. It is not impossible to find a higher salary if you move overseas, but it will require some effort on your part.

Full-stack engineer post-graduate courses in India

The full-stack engineer post-graduate course is a college-level class that teaches high-level skills and knowledge required to work as a software developer. The course also teaches the business requirements, which will be applied in the future on graduating. Few prestigious institutions like BITS Pilani are offering Post Graduate Certificate Programme in Full Stack Engineering. The program is designed to build skills in high-demand areas such as SDLC, application development for web, mobile & cloud, DevOps.

Full-stack developers are in demand as they are equally and perfectly proficient at all points in the stack. Every developer is full stack, but to be able to own the name, you must be willing to take the extra mile and be better at more areas rather than at one.

Image credits

  • lakexyde on pixabay
  • Christina Morillo on pexels
  • iStock photos
  • alexander-mils on unsplash

Tina

Helping professionals around the world explore and navigate their careers

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